Monday, February 11, 2019

homes Essay example -- essays research papers

Except for the fairly extend chieftains stomachs, Greek dwellings remained unsophisticated through classical times. A passageway led from the street into an pioneer court off which three or four rooms were reached, the total being fairly small in scale. The Roman houses, as seen, for example, at Pompeii, also stood at the streets edge. Past a vestibule was an open set called the atrium, from which the sleeping rooms were reached a colonnaded garden often stood in back. In ancient Rome most people lived in the uniform of apartment houses, three to five stories high, with apartments ranging from three to six rooms just about were like tenements, others were elaborate. At ground level were rows of small shops. The rich had big villas outside the cities that were composed of living canton and pleasure pavilions.IV. Houses of Medieval europiumPrint elementThis comparative sophistication in housing disappeared during the so-called Dark Ages in Europe. Although castles and prim itive manors housed umteen people, most of the remaining population were packed into simple, unhealthful dwellings huddled within the walls of small cities and towns. The res publicaside was unsafe, and agriculture and population both declined the light produces of classical antiquity disappeared. Slowly, after AD1000, conditions improved, first around the great monasteries and therefore in the expanding cities. The rise of a prosperous mercantile class resulted in the construction of large town houses and in due time country manors. Comparatively peaceful conditions brought some improvement in housing for farm serfs, but the living conditions of the poor town-dweller continued, on the whole, to be miserable. By the fire of the Middle Ages the concept of the palace had evolved from the idea of the grand town house. These palaces were elaborate dwellings for ranking ecclesiastics, merchant princes, or ruling families they might occupy a whole block and contain, in addition to ceremonial and private apartments, quarters for large numbers of retainers and hangers-on.V. From the Renaissance to the 19th CenturyPrint sectionThe palace was perfected during the Renaissance and remains one of architectures most enduring images, a dignified, large city element that has been adapted and repeated ever since. Palaces were first construct in Florence, Italy, and then throughout the Western world. In France... ...ouses that broke with historic architectural styles were slow to be accepted. As early as 1889 the American architect Frank Lloyd Wright built a house embodying new concepts of spatial flow from one room to another. He and others, both in Europe and in the United States, soon moved toward a domestic architectural style of metric forms and simplified surfaces largely free of decoration. Contemporary changes in painting and sculpture were allied to this movement, and by the 1920s modern architecture, though by no means universally accepted, had arrived. Gla ss, blade, and concrete reinforced with steel gave architects many new design options, and by the mid-20th century the modern house was commonplace. Glass boxes, freely curving styles, and stark, austere geometric forms were all thinkable but at the same time traditional styles persisted, and in the U.S. many homeowners found a more or less standard, one-floor, two- or three-bedroom banquet house satisfactory.VIII. Houses of the Far EastPrint sectionHouse types in India vary greatly according to region, climate, and local tradition. The villages have courtyard houses as well as simple, single-volume dwellings in the cities,

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